Did you know that there are four types of termites? They are Dampwood, Drywood, Formosan, and Subterranean.
1. Dampwood Termites: These termites are normally larger in size than other termite species. Dampwood colonies don’t have workers. Younger termites called “false workers” do all the work for the colony. Dampwood termites like to live and feed in very moist wood. Because theses termites need a lot of moisture, they usually live in damp, dying trees or in houses with leaking plumbing that will keep wood wet. Dampwood termites don’t usually bother buildings if there is not enough water in the wood. To avoid Dampwood termites, make sure all water drains away from your house and keep damp wood away from your home as well.
2. Drywood Termites: They form colonies of up to 2,500 members. Drywood Termite colonies, like the Dampwood termites, don’t have workers. Younger termites, called “false workers”, do all the work for the colony. Drywood Termites eat wood, wallpaper, plastics and fabric made from plants. These termite colonies are usually found in DRY wood. They do not require moisture or contact with the soil. Drywood termites can build nests and dig tunnels in buildings. These tunnels can cause major damage because wooden support beams can become weak and could cause the building to lean or fall down. To prevent dry wood termite infestation make sure firewood and scrap wood is stored away from your house. Seal all cracks and crevices around the outside of your home.
3. Formosan Termites: The colonies for these termites can be up to 300 feet long. There can be tens of thousands of termites in a single colony. Formosan termite colonies are divided into three groups: workers, soldiers and reproductives. They are the largest and most destructive kind of termite. Formosan Termites eat wood and fabric made from plants. When they eat dead trees, these termites help the environment and make space for new plant life. They live in huge underground colonies and build mud nests inside the walls of a building. They can also live inside boats. To prevent Formosan termites from damaging your property, make sure water drains away from your house and keep damp wood away from your home.
4. Subterranean Termites: The colonies for Subterranean termites can have up to 2 million members! Their colonies are divided into three groups: workers, soldiers and reproductives. They eat wood, wallpaper, plastics and fabric made from plants. Subterranean termites need contact with the soil to survive. They live in underground colonies or in wet areas aboveground. They build tunnels to reach food and every spring, groups of reproductive termites fly off to start new colonies. Subterranean termites are the most destructive kind of termite. They can eat a lot of wood and can cause a lot of damage to a house! They can destroy building foundations, wooden support beams, plastic plumbing pipes, sub-flooring, insulation … even swimming pool liners and filtration systems! Termites can also injure or destroy living trees and shrubs. Prevention is everything! Don’t let water pool around your home’s foundation and never leave wood scraps in the yard for them to snack on.